(Photo collage used with permission from Meg Allen Studio ‘BUTCH’ www.megallenstudio.com)
Why am I doing this study?
Genderqueer, masculine of centre, gender non-conforming, transmasculine and FTM transgender and transexual identities appear to be much more widely understood and visible than they ever were before. In amongst rising awareness and increasing usage of a variety of identity categories for sex and gender, the category of ‘butch lesbian’, ‘butch’ or ‘stud’ appears to have declined in usage and become less popular and common – as has the broader category of ‘lesbian’ according to some research. I am therefore interested in how identities are changing and how lesbian/bi/queer or gay women describe themselves and their gender identity today. There has been some research into this in America, mainly by journalists and commentators, which suggests that younger generations in particular feel that categories to describe certain queer masculine identifications such as ‘butch’ are considered out of date and even backward. I hope to research the situation in the UK today, and attempt to ascertain if such categories are no longer being widely used, and if so why this is the case.
Why have you been invited to take part in the study?
You are being invited to take part in this study on lesbian/queer masculinities because you are an adult aged over eighteen, living in the UK and you have responded to my open call to those lesbian, bi, queer or gay women, and/or identifying as or with any one or more of the following identity categories – butch, stud, transmasculine, masculine of centre, genderqueer, genderfluid, gender non-conforming, trans, transgender or non-binary.
What will the research involve?
If having read this information sheet you are willing to take part in the project then please proceed to the electronic survey online hosted by UWE Qualtrics. The full list of questions is included at the end of this information sheet so you can see beforehand just what sort of questions are in the survey. You will find that most of the questions invite open text responses, there is a comments box on nearly every question, and please write as much as you can in response to the topics and questions posed. If there are any questions you do not wish to answer, please just leave them blank and move on, ticking the ‘prefer not to answer’ or ‘don’t know’ boxes provided. At the end of the survey you will also have the opportunity to add anything you don’t feel was addressed, or to suggest any changes to the survey design, you can also make comments and critiques about the survey design. The survey will take approximately 20 – 30 minutes to complete.
Do you have to take part?
It is up to you to decide whether or not to take part in my project. If you do decide to take part you are still free to pick and choose which questions you answer. If, after having completed the survey, you change your mind and decide that you do not want your responses used in the research you can contact me and let me know and I will make sure your data is not used.
What will happen to the answers you give in the survey?
The survey does not require you to give your name. All information collected from the survey responses will be kept strictly confidential. You can see a full list of the questions that are in the survey, at the end of this information sheet. Data you provide will be stored anonymously and will only be identified by a reference number. All the data will be kept securely on the University of the West of England secure server and only I will have access to it via a confidential password. The findings of my project will be anonymised, the data you provide would be identified using a pseudonym and the survey does not ask you to provide your name. The findings will be used to inform articles submitted for peer review in academic journals as well as open access journals and other knowledge exchange, policy recommendations and executive summaries and LGBTQI+ community sites on social media and therefore will be public at that stage, the data may also be used in related publications or other published works.
What about questions that are sensitive?
My research project has received ethical approval from the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences at the University of the West of England. I understand that gender identity and sexual identity is personal and is a real, lived experience. Our perceptions of ourselves affect all aspects of our life, our relationships, aspirations, personal demeanour, appearance and many other areas. Not everyone’s journeys through their identity are smooth and for many people this can be a site of confusion, uncertainty and change. Some support organisations are therefore listed at the end of this information sheet. You are reminded that you do not have to answer every question in the survey, if some questions are too personal or sensitive for you then please feel free not to answer those and move onto the following questions instead.
If you would like further information then please do not hesitate to contact me at:
Relevant support organisations
Switchboard LGBT Helpline: 0300 330 0630
Samaritans Helpline: 116 123
SURVEY IS NOW CLOSED. THANK YOU TO ALL WHO TOOK PART. WATCH THIS SPACE FOR UPDATES ON ARTICLES AND FINDINGS TO FOLLOW.
Would you like to take part? Lesbian/Queer Masculinities
Participant Consent Form: Please read the further information provided and ensure that you can answer yes to each of the following questions. Take a look at the list of survey questions provided on the next page. Once you feel that you are fully aware of what the project involves and that you wish to take part in it then please proceed to the online survey and begin the survey. It should take 20 – 30 mins to complete.
Have you read the information sheet?
Have you received enough information about the project?
Do you understand that you are free to withdraw from the survey at any time?
Do you agree to participate in the project?
Do you understand you can skip any question you don’t want to answer?
Do you agree to allow me to use data from your survey responses (data will possibly be used in publications but will be anonymised)?
If you agree to all of the above and are aware of the purpose and uses of the research then please continue to the online survey. Many thanks for taking part.
Contact for further information
If you need any further information, please feel free to contact me on: firstname.lastname@example.org
If you wish to check anything about the research you can also contact the Sociology Department and my Associate Head of Department who is my Manager: Dr. Jon Mullholland at: email@example.com
THE SURVEY IS NOW CLOSED. MANY THANKS TO ALL THE MANY PEOPLE WHO WERE KIND ENOUGH TO TAKE PART AND GIVE THEIR TIME TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. PLEASE WATCH THIS SPACE AND FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER FOR UPDATES ABOUT THE FINDINGS AND ARTICLES TO FOLLOW. THANK YOU.
What questions will you be asked?
Here is a full list of the questions contained in the survey. Some of these questions have yes/no answers, but a text box is always given because I understand that almost all of these questions do not have simple answers! The survey tool requires that some of the questions have set options and it means that I can draw some numerical data from those responses, but you are always given the option to write in your own answers too, or instead of the ones given!
Section 1 – About you
- How do you describe your gender identity?
- How do you describe your sexual identity?
- Are you ‘out’ about your gender and sexual identity?
Section 2 – Sexuality and gender identity – your biography
- Do you feel there is a link between your sexual identity and your gender identity or not?
- Do you identify as or with the category ‘woman’?
- Do you identify as or with the category ‘lesbian’?
- Do you feel that it has become easier over the years to identify your sexuality and gender in the way that you do?
Section 3 – Changing labels and identities – your views and experiences
- Do you feel that there is more awareness today about gender non-conforming, masculine of centre, non-binary, transmasculine and trans identities?
- It could be argued that the world is still catching up with the wonderful variety of gender and sexual expression today. Do you feel that people respond to you and recognise you as the identity which you define yourself as? Or, do people often assume you are a different identity to the one you define yourself as?
Section 4 – New terms for gender and sexual identities
- Do you think that the identity category, identity or label of ‘lesbian’ is more or less widely used today compared to in the past?
- Do you think that the identity category, identity or label of ‘butch’ or ‘stud’ is more or less widely used today compared to in the past?
- How would you personally define the terms ‘butch’ and ‘stud’?
- How do these terms (butch and/or stud) relate to newer terms such as masculine of centre, gender non-conforming, transmasculine, non-binary, FTM, trans man, trans? For example, do you think that there are commonalities between these identifications, or not? What do you think they have in common and what sets them apart?
- How would you describe the term ‘masculinity’ and what does that term mean to you?
- What are the positive things about identifying as your identity?! Please share.
- What advice would you like to give to a young person just coming out today?
End of survey
If you would like to take part, please access the online survey provided by Qualtrics.
THE SURVEY IS NOW CLOSED. THANK YOU TO ALL THE MANY PEOPLE WHO WERE KIND ENOUGH TO TAKE PART IN THIS RESEARCH. WATCH THIS SPACE AND PLEASE FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER FOR UPDATES ABOUT THE FINDINGS AND ARTICLES TO FOLLOW. THANK YOU TO ALL.